Converting a rental property to a primary residence and live in the property at least two years out of the five years before the date of sale; you may not exclude gain up to $250,000 (for the $500,000 for married filing a joint return).
Congress added a new rule on non-qualified use principal residence when it passed the “Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008.” As a result, a taxpayer cannot exclude the portion of gain which belongs to non-qualified use of primary residence from his/her gross income.
Here is an example to illustrate the current laws on gain exclusion.
Bought a home on January 1, 2009, for $700,000 and rented the place until December 31, 2018.
From January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2020, personal residence.
The depreciation claimed on the property when rented was $100,000.
Sold it on 06/30/2021.
Computation of Gain:
Cost Basis: 700,000
Less depreciation: (100,000)
Adjusted basis: 600,000
Sale price: 1,700,000
Net gain: 1,100,000
- No Exclusion for depreciation deducted and depreciation recapture of $100,000 tax at the rate of 25%.
- Meets the requirements state in IRC 121 exclusion because he owed and used the home as his principal residence for 2 out of 5 years before the sale.
- He must determine how much gain belongs to the period of non-qualified use and cannot be excluded from his income.
- The first 10 years: non-qualified use: (10/12.5) = 0.8; 0.8*1,100,000 = $880,000 (long term capital gains and cannot exclude from his income)
- 2,5 years – qualified use: (2.5/12.5) = 0.2; 0.2*1,100,000 = 220,000 (excludable from his income)